Madhubani Art is one of the many famous Indian Art Forms. It is practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar and Nepal, it is called Mithila or Madhubani art. Often characterized by complex geometrical patterns, these Art are known for representing ritual content for particular occasions, including festivals, religious rituals, etc. The colors used in Madhubani Art are usually derived from plants and other natural sources. These colors are often bright and pigments like lampblack and ochre are used to create black and brown respectively. Instead of contemporary brushes, objects like twigs, matchsticks and even fingers are used to create the art.
History of Madhubani Art
Madhubani Art originated in the Mithila region of Bihar State. Some of the initial references to the Madhubani Art can be found in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Their Art often illustrated their thoughts, hopes and dreams.
Over time, Madhubani Art became a part of festivities and special events like weddings. Slowly, this art attracted ignoramus of art as many contemporary Indian artists took the art on global stage. The traditional base of plastered mud wall was soon replaced by handmade paper, cloth and canvas. Since the Art have been confined to a limited geographical range, the themes as well as the style are more or less, the same.
Madhubani art or Mithila Art was traditionally created by the women of various communities in Mithila region of the Indian subcontinent. It originated from Madhubani district of Mithila region of Bihar, and, it is popularly called Mithila painting or Madhubani art. Madhubani is also a major export centre of these Art. This Art as a form of wall art was practiced widely throughout the region; the more recent development of painting on paper and canvas mainly originated among the villages around Madhubani, and it is these latter developments led to the name Madhubani art being used alongside the name “Mithila Painting.”